All Full Forms - Computer Fundamental (A-Z ) | Computer Eng. Interview Question

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All Full Forms - Computer Fundamental (A-Z ) - Computer Eng. Interview Question
-- A ---
ADSL - Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port
ALI - Acer Labs, Incorporated
ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit
AMD - Advanced Micro Devices
APC - American Power Conversion
ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASIC - Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ASPI - Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
AMD - advanced micro devices
AT - Advanced Technology
ATI - ATI Technologies Inc.
ATX - Advanced Technology Extended
ACPI - advanced configuration and power interface
ARP  - address resolution protocol
ASR - automated system recovery
ATM - asynchronous transfer mode

--- B ---
BFG - BFG Technologies
BIOS - Basic Input Output System
BNC - Barrel Nut Connector
BRI -  basic rate interface
BCD - Binary Coded Decimal
BTX - balanced technology extended

--- C ---
CAS - Column Address Signal
CD - Compact Disk
CDR - Compact Disk Recorder
CDRW - Compact Disk Re-Writer
CD-ROM - Compact Disk - Read Only Memory
CFM - Cubic Feet per Minute (ft�/min)
CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CRIMM - continuity-rambus inline memory module
CPU - Central Processing Unit
CRT - cathode-ray tube
CTX - CTX Technology Corporation (Commited to Excellence)

--- D ---
DIN - Deutsche Industrie Norm
DIP - dual inline package
DLT - digital linear tape
DLP - digital light processing
DMA - direct memory access
DNS - domain name service or domain name server
DOS - disk operating system or denial of service
DPMS - display power management signaling
DRAM - dynamic random access memory
DSL - digital subscriber line
DVD - digital video disc or digital versatile disc
DVD-RAM - digital video disc-random access memory
DVD-ROM - digital video disc-read only memory
DVD-R - digital video disc-recordable
DVD-RW - digital video disc-rewritable
DVI - digital visual interface
DAC - discretionary access control
DB-25 - serial communications D-shell connector, 25 pins
DB-9 9 - pin D shell connector
DC - direct current
DDOS - distributed denial of service
DDR RAM - double data-rate random access memory
DFS - distributed file system
DHCP - dynamic host configuration protocol
DIMM - dual inline memory module
DDR - Double Data Rate
DDR-SDRAM - Double Data Rate - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
DFI - DFI Inc. (Design for Innovation)
DIMM - Dual Inline Memory Module
DRAM - Dynamic Random Access Memory
DPI - Dots Per Inch
DSL - See ASDL

--- E ---
EMP - electromagnetic pulse
EPROM - erasable programmable read-only memory
EPP - enhanced parallel port
ERD - emergency repair disk
ESD - electrostatic discharge
ESDI - enhanced small device interface
EVDO - evolution data optimized or evolution data only
ECC - error correction code
ECP - extended capabilities port
EFS - encrypting file system
EIDE - enhanced integrated drive electronics
EISA - extended industry standard architecture
EMI - electromagnetic interference
ECC - Error Correction Code
ECS - Elitegroup Computer Systems
EDO - Extended Data Out
EEPROM - Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EVGA - EVGA Corporation
EBCDIC - Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

--- F ---
FC-PGA - Flip Chip Pin Grid Array
FDC - Floppy Disk Controller
FDD - Floppy Disk Drive
FAT - file allocation table
FAT12 - 12-bit file allocation table
FAT16 - 16-bit file allocation table
FAT32 - 32-bit file allocation table
FERPA - Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
Fn - Function (referring to the function key on a laptop)
FPM - fast page-mode
FRU - field replaceable unit
FT P - file transfer protocol
FQDN - fully qualified domain name
FPS - Frame Per Second
FPU - Floating Point Unit
FSAA - Full Screen Anti-Aliasing
FS - For Sale
FSB - Front Side Bus
FORTRAN - Formula Translation

--- G ---
GB - Gigabytes
GUI - graphical user interface
GPRS - general packet radio system
GSM  - global system for mobile communications
GBps - Gigabytes per second or Gigabits per second
GDI - Graphical Device Interface
GHz - GigaHertz

--- H ---
HDD - Hard Disk Drive
HIS - Hightech Information System Limited
HAL - hardware abstraction layer
HCL - hardware compatibility list
HDMi - high definition media interface
HPFS  -high performance file system
HTML - hypertext markup language
HTTP - hypertext transfer protocol
HTTPS - hypertext transfer protocol over secure sockets layer
HP - Hewlett-Packard Development Company
HSF - Heatsink-Fan

--- I ---
IBM - International Business Machines Corporation
IC - Integrated Circuit
IDE - Integrated Drive Electronics
IFS- Item for Sale
I/O - input/output
ICMP -  internet control message protocol
ICS - internet connection sharing
ICR - intelligent character recognition
IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IIS - Internet Information Services
IMAP - internet mail access protocol
IP - internet protocol
IPCONFIG - internet protocol configuration
IPP - internet printing protocol
IPSEC - internet protocol security
IPX - internetwork packet exchange
IPX/SPX - internetwork packet exchange/sequenced packet exchange
IR - infrared
IrDA - Infrared Data Association
ISDN - integrated services digital network
ISP - internet service provider
IRQ - Interrupt Request
ISA - Industry Standard Architecture
ISO - International Standards Organization

--- J ---
JBL - JBL (Jame B. Lansing) Speakers
JVC - JVC Company of America
- K ---
Kbps - Kilobits Per Second
KBps - KiloBytes per second

--- L ---
LBA - logical block addressing
LC - Lucent connector
LDAP - lightweight directory access protocol
LIP or LiPoly - lithium-ion polymer
Li-on - lithium-ion
LPD/LPR - line printer daemon / line printer remote
LPT -  line printer terminal
LPT1 - line printer terminal 1
LPX - low profile extended
LVD - low voltage differential
LAN - Local Are Network
LCD - Liquid Crystal Display
LDT - Lightning Data Transport
LED - Light Emitting Diode

--- M ---
MAC - Media Access Control
MB - MotherBoard or Megabyte
Mb - megabit
MBps - Megabytes Per Second
Mbps - Megabits Per Second or Megabits Per Second
MHz - MegaHertz
MIPS - Million Instructions Per Second
MMX - Multi-Media Extensions
MFP - multi-function product
MicroDIMM - micro dual inline memory module
MIDI - musical instrument digital interface
MIME - multipurpose internet mail extension
MLI - multiple link interface
MMC - Microsoft management console
MP3 - Moving Picture Experts Group Layer 3 Audio
MPEG - Moving Picture Experts Group
MSCONFIG - Microsoft configuration
MSDS - material safety data sheet
MUI - multilingual user interface
MAN - metropolitan area network
MAPI - messaging application programming interface
MBR - master boot record
MBSA - Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer
MCR - multivariant curve resolution
MFD - multi-function device
MSI - Micro Star International
MSI - Medium Scale Integrated Circuits
MICR - Magnetic Ink Character Reader
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--- N ---
NAS - Network Attached Storage
NAT - Network Address Translation
NetBIOS - networked basic input/output system
NetBEUI - networked basic input/output system extended user interface
NFS - network file system
NiCd - nickel cadmium
NiMH - nickel metal hydride
NLI - not logged in or natural language interface
NLX - new low-profile extended
NNTP - network news transfer protocol
NTFS - new technology file system
NTLDR - new technology loader
NWLINK - Netware Link
NEC - NEC Corporation
NIC - Network Interface Card

--- O ---
OC - Overclock (Over Clock)
OCR - optical character recognition
OEM - original equipment manufacturer
OMR - optical mark recognition
OS  - operating system
OCZ - OCZ Technology
OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer

--- P ---
PAN - personal area network
PATA - parallel advanced technology attachment
PC - Personal Computer
PCB - Printed Circuit Board
PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCIe - peripheral component interconnect express
PCIX - peripheral component interconnect extended
PCL - printer control language
PCMCIA - Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDA - Personal Digital Assistant
PIN - personal identification number
PKI - public key infrastructure
PCMCIA - Peripheral Component Microchannel Interconnect Architecture
PGA - Professional Graphics Array
PLD - Programmable Logic Device
PM - Private Message / Private Messaging
PnP - Plug 'n Play
PNY - PNY Technology
POST - Power On Self Test
POTS - plain old telephone service
PPP - point-to-point protocol
PPTP - point-to-point tunneling protocol
PRI - primary rate interface
POP - post office protocol
POP3 - post office protocol 3
PROM  - programmable read-only memory
PS/2  - Personal System/2 connector
PSTN  - public switched telephone network
PVC - permanent virtual circuit
PXE - preboot execution environment
PPPoA - Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM
PPPoE - Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
PROLOG - programming in logic
PQI - PQI Corporation
PSU - Power Supply Unit

---- Q --
QoS -quality of service

--- R ---
RAID - Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
RAM - Random Access Memory
RAS - remote access service
RF - radio frequency
RFI - radio frequency interference
RGB - red green blue
RIMM RAMBUS -  inline memory module
RIP - routing information protocol
RIS - remote installation service
RISC - reduced instruction set computer
RJ - registered jack
RJ-11 - registered jack function 11
RBAC - role-based access control or rule-based access control
RAMDAC - Random Access Memory Digital Analog Convertor
RDRAM - Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
ROM - Read Only Memory
RS-232 or RS-232C - recommended standard 232
RTC - real-time clock
RPM - Revolutions Per Minute

--- S ---
SASID - Self-scanned Amorphous Silicon Integrated Display
SCA - SCSI Configured Automatically
SAN - storage area network
SATA - serial advanced technology attachment
SCSI ID - small computer system interface identifier
SD card - secure digital card
SC - subscription channel
SCSI - Small Computer System Interface
SDRAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SECC - Single Edge Contact Connector
SODIMM - Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module
SEC - single edge connector
SFC - system file checker
SLI - scalable link interface or system level integration or scanline interleave mode
SMB - server message block or small to midsize business
SMTP - simple mail transport protocol
SNMP - simple network management protocol
SoDIMM - small outline dual inline memory module
SP - service pack
SPDIF - Sony-Philips digital interface format
SPGA - staggered pin grid array
SPX - sequenced package exchange
SRAM - static random access memory
SSH - secure shell
SSID - service set identifier
SSL - secure sockets layer
ST - straight tip
STP - shielded twisted pair
SXGA - super extended graphics array
SGRAM  - synchronous graphics random access memory
SIMM - single inline memory module
SPARC - Scalable Processor ArChitecture
SOHO - Small Office Home Office
SRAM - Static Random Access Memory
SSE - Streaming SIMD Extensions
SVGA - Super Video Graphics Array
S/PDIF - Sony/Philips Digital Interface

--- T ---
TB - Terabytes
TBps - Terabytes per second
Tbps - Terabits per second
TCP - transmission control protocol
TCP/IP - transmission control protocol/internet protocol
TDR - time domain reflectometer
TFTP - trivial file transfer protocol
TDK - TDK Electronics
TEC - Thermoelectric Cooler
TPC - TipidPC
TWAIN - Technology Without An Important Name

--- U ---
UART - universal asynchronous receiver transmitter
UDF  - user defined functions or universal disk format or universal data format
UDMA -  ultra direct memory access
UDP -  user datagram protocol
UL  - Underwriter’s Laboratory
UNC -  universal naming convention
UPS  - uninterruptible power supply
URL  - uniform resource locator
USB  - universal serial bus
USMT -  user state migration tool
UTP  - unshielded twisted pair
UNIVAC - Universal Automatic Computer

--- V ---
VCD - Video CD
VFAT -  virtual file allocation table
VESA  - Video Electronics Standards Association
VoIP -  voice over internet protocol
VPN - Virtual Private Network
VRAM - video random access memory
VGA - Video Graphics Array

--- W ---
WAN - Wide Area Network
WAP - wireless application protocol
WTB - Want to Buy
WEP - wired equivalent privacy
WIFI  - wireless fidelity
WINS  - windows internet name service
WLAN - wireless local area network
WPA  - wireless protected access
WUXGA  - wide ultra extended graphics array
WYSIWYG - What You See Is What You Get

--- X ---
XGA - Extended Graphics Array
XFX - XFX Graphics, a Division of Pine
XMS - Extended Memory Specification
XT - Extended Technology